Hair transplantation is a surgical procedure that involves the removal of hair follicles from a donor area (usually the back or sides of the scalp) and their transplantation into an area where hair loss has occurred. The transplanted hair follicles will continue to grow in the new location, creating the appearance of fuller hair.
There are two primary techniques for hair transplantation: Follicular Unit Transplantation (FUT) and Follicular Unit Extraction (FUE).
FUT involves the removal of a strip of skin from the donor area. The strip is then dissected into individual follicular units, which are then transplanted to the balding area. This technique is typically used when a larger number of grafts are needed.
FUE involves the removal of individual follicular units from the donor area using a specialized punch tool. These individual follicular units are then transplanted to the balding area. This technique is typically used when fewer grafts are needed.
Hair transplantation is typically performed under local anesthesia and is an outpatient procedure. Most patients are able to return to work and other activities within a few days after the procedure. It may take several months for the transplanted hair to fully grow in, and multiple procedures may be needed to achieve the desired results.
As with any surgical procedure, there are risks and potential complications associated with hair transplantation. These may include bleeding, infection, scarring, and poor growth of transplanted hair. It is important to discuss the potential risks and benefits of the procedure with a qualified healthcare professional before making a decision about whether or not to undergo hair transplantation.